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The following guides and manuals provide invaluable information pertaining to “best practices” in recording, preserving, maintaining and restoring historic burying grounds and cemeteries, which BGPG adheres to. These examples are drawn from a variety of sources, including the National Park Service (Dept. of the Interior) and State Historic Preservation Offices (SHPOs).



Massachusetts Department of Conservation & Recreation (DCR)

Terra Firma 10  Mourning Glory: Preserving Historic Cemeteries (2011)

Preservation Guidelines for Municipally Owned Historic Burial Grounds and Cemeteries (2009)


Michigan State Historic Preservation Office

Michigan Historic Cemeteries Preservation Guide (2004)


National Park Service: Technical Preservation Services

Preservation Brief 48: Preserving Grave Markers in Historic Cemeteries (2016)

In addition to these online resources, a variety of organizations provide guidance and support in recording and preserving historic burying grounds and cemeteries, notably the AGS, a nationwide organization founded in 1977.

Association for Gravestone Studies

These PDFs provide additional insight into the study of historic grave markers, especially on Long Island:

Early American Gravestones
Introduction to the Farber Gravestone
Jessie Lie Farber
Copyright 2003 American Antiquarian Society
Material Evidence of Ideological Choice in Long Island Gravestones, 1670-1800
Gaynell Stone
Material Culture Vol. 23 (1991), No. 3
Sacred Landscapes: Material Evidence of Ideological and Ethnic Choice in Long Island, New York, Gravestones, 1680-1800
Gaynell Stone 
Historical Archaeology, 2009, 43(1): 142-159
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